Methods of treatment varicose veins

A modern treatment of the varicose veins when appropriate to search for a doctor brings positive results. Many wonder: varicose veins — what is it? Varicose veins called pathological, the length of the wall peripheral to the vein, causing under the skin become visible varicose nodes. The own blood vessels very swell and acquire a bluish tint. From what appears varicose veins? As a result of the development of diseases of the blood stops to circulate normally, it is hardly pushed up, zastaivayas in the legs. This causes even more stretching of the walls of the veins and causes a feeling of heaviness in the legs.

varicose veins

The initial stage of varicose veins is manifested as follows: when the venous wall of the vessel begins to increase, is pressed against the skin. Through it first emerges the vascular mesh and varicose veins then appear the first signs of varicose veins: sites and heightening of the color blue. This indicates that the vessel is weakened and without proper treatment no longer is able to return to normal.

In our century of inactivity and bad environment varicose veins among the ten most common pathologies of the globe. They suffer every 4 person on the planet.

More than half of the patients do not realize that began varicose veins in the (hidden) phases. Why according to the statistics most commonly varicose veins suffer from a woman? This explains the fact that they are not developed enough connective tissue because of special current the hormonal cycle.

How to remove varicose veins? Varicose veins gives a lot of problems, ranging from cosmetic issues and ending with the member states, the risk of life. The disease it is necessary to recognize and treated in a timely manner. This will not only help to remove visible defects, but to resolve complications of varicose veins, disease.

The symptoms of varicose veins

This disease it is important not to lose the initial moment, when the pathological process is reversible, but the treatment does not take much time. The main symptoms, such as determining varicose veins are:

  • the emergence in the limbs flowing feelings of warmth, rolling to the burning;
  • feeling of heaviness in the legs, which is especially increases at night;
  • not immediately, but in the limbs may appear swelling, which is particularly visible in the area of ankles and feet;
  • during the night the muscles of the legs begin to reduce cramps;
  • the initial stage of varicose veins, characterized by the fact that the skin on the legs darkens, when the feeling feel of the seal;
  • in places, stamps of the skin can exulcero, in place of the sores may appear ulcer trophic.

To the extent that the development of the disease varicose veins, the symptoms increase:

  • appear to pull the pain, covering the popliteal a hole and the rear surface of the tibia; the men thicker skin with well-marked hairiness, therefore, the symptom that they have expressed weaker;
  • vienna in your throughout the ankle up to the knee begins to be felt, the dead vessels seem to retort;
  • in the states, you may receive vascular mesh, which has red blue, the color intensity decreases, if you take the prone position, lift slightly the legs;
  • in the evening, join the symptoms of dull pain burning sensation and seizures, particularly severe manifest themselves after hours on the permanent;
  • may manifest itself in swelling of limbs, until your favorite shoes, you may no longer use.

If the disease is not treated properly, the top layer of the skin of the extremities is dry, dense and cyanotic, many times it emerges is the pigmentation. The continuing violation of nutrition of the skin leads to the formation of trophic ulcers. This group of symptoms is added the increase of temperature, weakness and chills, this means that during the varicose veins complicated.

complications when varicose veins

Complications of varicose veins

Varicose veins can be complicated more severe pathological processes in the veins of the lower limbs:

  1. Sharp thrombophlebitis. Subcutaneous vienna become painful to the touch, the skin acquires a red tone, appear a strong pain. The intense phase is related to the fact that a blood clot overlaps the lumen of the vessel. If the vienna sclerosing, or is, the risk of gangrene.
  2. Trophic ulcer. In the skin arise from wounds, of which constantly drips ichor. Many times, the wound fall into the microbes that cause disease, and varicose veins complicated by secondary bacterial infection. Trophic ulcer practically doesn't heal due to a violation of energy cells in the upper layers of the epidermis.
  3. The bleeding of varicose nodes. The wall of the vein as bulges and thins, that when minor injury occurs the drilling of, and she starts to bleed.

Varicose veins the terrible fact that the inflammation the higher the veins can spread to the system of deep veins. Small blood clots can get away from the walls of the deep veins and cause thromboembolism pulmonary artery.

Types of varicose veins

In the current stage of development phlebology experts have developed a classification of varicose veins. According to it, highlight the varicose veins types:

  • intradermal varicose veins, which manifests itself as asterisks on the skin;
  • varicose veins of large and small external vein in the form of a node and of seals;
  • multiple subcutaneous types of varicose veins in the form of the vascular veins.

This classification refers only to vessels, that bedded surface of the surface of the body.

The degree of development of the disease

Varicose veins with the stage of easy venous insufficiency can become a cause of disability and death. As well as the disease is quite common, one should know the degree of the varicose veins:

the stage of developing varicose veins
  1. Varicose veins 1 degree. Pregnancy, excess weight, poor posture of the body during a long period of time can lead to the development of the initial symptoms of the defeat of the veins of the lower limbs. Many patients ignore the 1 degree of varicose veins, allowing gravity and the swelling of the feet fatigue. Is time varicose veins is well treated conservative methods of wound care, physical exercises and massage in the feet.
  2. Varices 2 degree. Vienna increase and become visible. Varicose veins, in this measure, especially painfully it happens in the heat of the summer. There is the threat of the occurrence of thrombophlebitis. Treatment 2 degree also conservative, but for much longer periods. Your goal is to stop the development of varicose veins and relieve the unpleasant symptoms.
  3. Varicose veins are 3 degree. The symptoms of varicose veins growing and does not pass with the passing of time. The disease takes the form of serious and often complicated Methods of conservative treatment are, often, powerless, have to rely on rapid intervention.
  4. What are varicose veins 4 degree? Released degree with the defeat of the skin, and strong trophic pests. Shows exclusively surgical.

Varicose veins are veins extends along the years, the hour cometh, when the disease becomes evident. It is important to pay attention to their own health and ask for help to the phlebologist, who will prescribe the appropriate treatment. This will not only protect vienna from a greater overhangs the walls, but it can save your life.

Treatment of varicose veins disease

How to treat varicose veins? Depending on the type and the degree of development of varicose veins, diseases of veins, the experts highlight the following traditional methods of treatment varicose veins:

  • mesh compression;
  • the medical therapy;
  • hirudotherapy;
  • operating types of treatment.

When varicose veins 1 and 2 level help tool, popular medicine, therapeutic exercise and massage.

Mesh compression

How to get rid of varicose veins using compression mesh fabrics? In an integrated system of treatment and prevention of varicose veins great the importance attributed to the use of compression clothing. Socks, stockings and socks perform a number of functions:

  • bracket and tighten the wall advanced vein thrombosis of the vessel, making redistribute the blood flow between healthy and diseased veins, taking away an excessive workload;
  • improve trophism of tissues, eliminating the stagnation of phenomena;
  • contribute to strengthening the muscle pump ejection of blood up during physical exertion;
  • correctly, the product clothing minimizes the development of blood clots in the veins affected;
  • long length allows you to return physiological normal function of the venous flow (1-2 degree).

Mesh compression — a method more efficient in comparison with bandages elastic, to treat varicose veins are veins.

compression knitwear

Dress up an outfit does not take much time, always properly support the patients of vienna, making it work. The disadvantages of compression clothing can be attributed to a number of against-indications, in which he wearing prohibited, such as the fact that this prohibited method to varicose veins the deep veins.

There are 4 degrees of compression, which offers bed linen, when wearing:

  1. The first class of compression used for the prevention of varicose veins. To be prescribed to patients of the risk group: pregnant women, those who have appeared varicose veins, and veins, the people, the duty forced lot of standing or sitting.
  2. The second class of compression — the most popular among doctors and patients. Clothing used in the different stages of venous insufficiency, varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.
  3. The third class of compression is used when the ways severe venous insufficiency and varicose veins, complicated trophic pests.
  4. The fourth and higher classes of compression are extremely rare, when the violation occurs out of rotation.

Medical therapy

How to deal with varicose veins with the help of drugs? Medical therapy when varicose veins is part of a comprehensive conservative treatment. It includes:

  • the oral intake of pills and capsules;
  • the injection of drugs;
  • outdoor application of funds: ointments, creams, gels.

The course of treatment and type of medication, the patient chooses the doctor-phlebologist. It evaluates the degree of development of the disease and the state of the patient.

What to do when varicose veins? As a general rule, the basis of drug treatment, constitute some of the main groups of medicines.

Phlebotrophic tools. Its main purpose is the recovery of the tonus of the venous wall of the vessel. The treatment of varicose veins, disease phlebotonics in the early stages of development of the disease can reduce the process of deformation of the veins, remove varicose veins and veins. In most cases, when varicose veins writes: you Can cure varicose veins with these drugs? Venotonics can't resolve varicose nodes, but are able to resolve the disturbing symptoms.

Drugs, medicines for thinning the blood (anticoagulants). How to cure varicose veins with these tools? The task of medicines in this group — the maintenance of normal indicators of blood, reduces the risk of blood clots, improve the peripheral circulation. The drugs are taken by a schema that defines the doctor. In the course of the treatment, he makes the adjustment, based on the conditions of the patient and the positive dynamic.

Anticoagulants can be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Overdose can cause bleeding.

Anti-inflammatory drugs not steroids, as the method of treatment of varicose veins, apply in the symptomatic treatment of varicose veins: relieve pain, eliminate seizures, strengthen the bloodstream and reduce inflammation of damaged veins.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs successfully cure varicose veins and are used as prevention of complications of varicose veins.

hirudotherapy when varicose veins

Hirudotherapy in the treatment of varicose veins

Currently, the fight against varicose veins, the method hirudotherapy recognized traumatic stress disorder, but the method used in the implementation stages, when it accumulates signs of thrombophlebitis. Forms of treatment for varicose veins infestation of leeches must be performed exclusively in health services, where it has the appropriate permissions and conditions for aseptic productions of leeches.

It should be remembered that hirudotherapy when varicose veins can cause allergic reactions and development of trophic ulcers.

Operating types of treatment

Varicose veins and treatment-surgically applies in cases in which:

  • the disease ran in the run-in stage;
  • there are pathological, the expansion of the walls of the veins;
  • a violation of blood circulation, which leads to the onset of pain, change in the structure dermis of the integument, the development of trophic ulcers;
  • during a disease complicated thrombophlebitis.

In the absence of contraindications surgeons-phlebologists carry out operations on the dead in the veins. Currently, the distribution, receive a few techniques:

  1. EVLT (endovenous laser coagulation). Revolutionary method of treating varicose veins, which is different from small trauma. The operation was carried out in the outpatient clinic within half an hour. Its essence consists in the fact that phlebologist of the beam from the laser seals the patients of vienna, and the bloodstream leads to healthy blood.
  2. Sclerotherapy. Also refers to minimally invasive operations, when the result is reached by a few minutes, of simple manipulation. The same property has varicose veins, treatment of diseases through radio frequencies. Special the aid of a syringe with a very fine needle into the wall of the vessel affected is injected a medicine, which form a foam and closes it against the light. The blood flow is directed healthy vienna. The medicine resolved, and is excreted through the kidneys.
  3. Phlebectomy. This is the surgical treatment is the method of removing the dead vein, which is assigned to the degree 3 varicose veins, when they already appear ulcers trophic and other types of complications. Without the operation of the consequences of varicose veins can be fatal.

phlebologist assigns the treatment when the conservative treatment in the last phase of the varicose veins no longer have meaning, or will not be as effective.

19.12.2018