Causes, symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in the legs

According to statistics, 30% of women and 10% of men suffer from varicose veins. This problem is more common in people aged 30-40 years. Place of manifestation of the disease: arms, shoulders, rectal wall, esophagus, bladder. As a rule, varicose veins on the legs most often make themselves felt, a symptom of which is a serious aesthetic problem.

What are varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins affect the saphenous and deep veins. The latter loses its original elasticity and shape, expands, protrudes strongly and becomes perforated. As a result, seals are formed - "spider veins". What are varicose veins in the legs, why does it develop?

The real problem is the wrong direction of blood flow. The venous system of the foot consists of the superficial, connective and deep veins, where there is a special valve, which consists of two cusps that close and prevent reverse blood movement. With the expansion of the superficial vein, the valve closure becomes loose. For this reason, blood is channeled in the opposite direction, and supply is formed in the superficial veins.

Then everything grows in sequence. As there is more blood in the connective veins, therefore, the load on them increases and they also begin to expand. The blood, which must enter the deep veins, seeps into the superficial, expanding further. As a result, significant convex veins appear in the legs.

The result of the formation of reverse blood flow is a slowdown in blood movement, and this may be the cause of thrombosis, which prevents blood flow in the free veins.

Varicose veins in the legs: symptoms and stages

Varicose veins in the legs are indicated by the following symptoms:

  1. pain in problem areas;
  2. leg cramps;
  3. burning in the veins;
  4. edema;
  5. pigmentation and thickening;
  6. purple or purple vein wall;
  7. trophic ulcer.

The first four symptoms are characteristic of the early stages of varicose veins, and the following - for the progressive form.

Varicose veins: causes

Varicose veins in the lower part of the leg occur under the influence of several reasons:

  • overweight;
  • nerve disorders;
  • smoking;
  • alcohol consumption;
  • excessive sunburn;
  • frequent use of sauna;
  • abuse of hot showers;
  • wear tight stockings, stockings.

Below we will take a closer look at other causes of varicose veins in the legs, identified by the doctor.

  1. Genetic predisposition.If parents have varicose veins, it is very likely that their children will have the disease (the probability is up to 75%).
  2. Work nuances.Often, the pathology under consideration is characteristic of people engaged in permanent employment. In this position, excessive pressure is applied to the feet. Also, people who work while sitting suffer from varicose veins. We are talking about so-called "computer varicose veins".
  3. Hormonal imbalance.This disease makes itself felt on the fairer sex during puberty. Often the disease is diagnosed in pregnant women, in women with menopause. Hormonal disorders can cause blood stasis.
  4. Age transformation.With increasing age, the walls of the venous vessels lose their elasticity and plasticity, the function of the valves is disrupted, and this can lead to venous congestion and subsequent varicose veins.

Traditional methods for treating varicose veins

Effective treatment strategies involve an integrated approach. The drug procedure is complemented by additional therapy. Traditional methods have proven themselves well (especially in the early stages).

  • One of the most effective folk remedies is chopped garlic (with white husk) and butter (1: 2 ratio). The mixture is rubbed with the problem area, on the feet wrapped in parchment paper (you can use a bandage, scarf). In the morning, the mixture is washed, and something warm is placed on your feet.
  • In summer, green tomato slices are tied to sore veins at night, in winter, tomato paste is tied. The lycopene contained in tomatoes protects the walls of blood vessels from overheating, increases their elasticity, and lowers blood pressure.
  • Kalanchoe will help reduce the course of the disease. The product is prepared in a liter jar, in which the leaves are poured 1/2, and then alcohol (70%) is poured. The drug is injected for two weeks. It is best to shake the solution daily. The resulting infusion is used to lubricate the feet and legs before bed. A good pain reliever.
  • Fresh potatoes can also relieve pain. Rub some potatoes on a grater, apply the gruel to your feet for about 4 hours.
  • Make a dandelion root ointment. The roots are dried and crushed. The resulting powder is poured with water and boiled until thick. Then lard is added. You must get a creamy mass. Store the ointment in the refrigerator.

In addition to external products, there are decoctions recipes that improve blood circulation.

Prevention of varicose veins in the legs

Adherence to preventive measures will help prevent the development and progression of the disease further. Experts recommend the following:

  • At the first symptoms of varicose veins on the legs, you should see a specialist who will advise on blood thinners.
  • In case of mild pain, legs should be lifted. While lying down or sitting, place a pillow under your feet. It is good to do exercises in compression stockings.
  • A good preventative measure is a cold water bath. Low temperature is good for blood circulation, it hardens blood vessels. Therefore, it is highly recommended to massage the feet with a cold water bath, especially if you have a massage device. Hot water baths, old tanning, shrinkage of hot wax are prohibited - these are factors that contribute to the development of the disease.
  • Bath with calendula inclusion, St. John's wort, ponytail or horse chestnut are useful. Even sea salt or plain salt will occur. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.
  • If you have an inactive job, remember to do moderate exercise. With your legs crossed, rotate your upper legs clockwise. So 15 rounds per foot.
  • Calf Raises is the right solution. Stand on your heels and, while holding your hands against the wall, make fine rolls to the toes. So a few times. Basically, any physical activity, even regular walking, will improve blood circulation.
  • Increase the portion of foods rich in vitamin E in your diet. These are egg yolks, wheat, beans, cabbage, dill. Also, the venous system needs vitamin R. Therefore, it is necessary to consume more foods that contain it: peanuts, walnuts, green tea, citrus fruits.

In addition to all this, remember the basic rule:

  1. eat less fatty foods;
  2. do not cross the other leg;
  3. Avoid tight clothing with tight elastic straps or tight socks, uncomfortable shoes and overly high heels.

Treatment of varicose veins is not an easy process. If you are at risk, take precautions first.

Find out the causes of varicose veins in the legs and find the first symptoms, treat their removal and see a doctor.

Eating healthy, according to the doctor's recommendations, folk recipes will help relieve pain, stop the progression of the disease, get rid of manifestations.

01.03.2021