Methods and means of dealing with varicose veins

Varicose veins are a disease in which more than half of modern people experience unpleasant symptoms.

The appearance of vein deformities in the legs is largely due to the fact that a person is a bipedal being, the main support of his body due to the evolutionary process is only the legs, while the arms perform other functions.

phlebeurysm

Absolutely representative of the animal world, leaning on four limbs, did not record symptoms of varicose veins such as swelling, pain in the legs protruding to the surface of the venous skin.

This article will discuss what are varicose veins and how to overcome them.

What is venous disease

At present, the causes and principles of the development of this disease have been studied in quite depth, and many ways have been devised on how to deal with varicose veins.

But first you need to determine what constitutes a varicose vein and how it arises?

Varicose veins are characterized by damage to the internal valves of the large ducts.

The result of this pathology are the following negative factors: blood flow entering the lower leg from the heart is not fully directed (as should be the case in the body of a healthy person) in the opposite direction, resulting in a form of stagnation in the calf ducts, and their own veins undergo a process of deformation - expansion.

When the vein becomes more deformed, it protrudes below the surface of the skin, the edema worsens, there is a feeling of heaviness and abnormality in the area affected by the varicose veins.

If the disease progresses further, the next stage is the formation of blood clots in the veins (thrombi), which pose a direct danger to life, as well as trophic ulcers, which pose a threat of limb amputation.

What causes this disease

Varicose veins as a serious disease occur due to one or more factors. Some of them are:

  • Hereditary factors. If your mother or grandmother finds venous nodules on the shinbone with irritation, the chances of you having to undergo treatment with a vascular surgeon increase significantly.
  • Characteristics of the profession: this includes both specialties that require long periods of time on your feet, and professional activities related to long sitting at work.
  • An unbalanced diet, uncontrolled salt intake, marinades, fatty foods, strong coffee and tea, as well as sodas.
  • Cigarette and alcohol abuse.
  • Excessive fullness, forcing the lower limbs to bear the increased load, and the veins in the legs - expand.
  • Hormone surges in the body. These include periods of pregnancy and menopause, and long -term hormone therapy.

Dangerous disease, isn't it?

After learning this information, most people who care about their health and strive to maintain it in the long run will ask themselves the question: how to deal with varicose veins to prevent the progression of the disease and, if possible, prevent recurrence?

The fight against varicose veins involves several types, instructions and principles.

Among the ways to overcome varicose veins on the legs, we can highlight the following with the condition:

Precautions

Patient compliance with a set of rules aimed at preventing the onset and progression of the disease. So, fighting varicose veins at home includes the following recommendations and restrictions:

  1. A radical and critical review of the daily wardrobe. Without remorse, get rid of loose and uncomfortable synthetic clothing that doesn’t allow the skin of your feet to breathe. The same rules apply to shoes: all shoes and boots that deprive your feet of comfort when walking, have high or uncomfortable heels, and are made of inappropriate low -quality raw materials, take them to the trash, if handdo not go up, give to those in need.
    Your wardrobe can only contain comfortable and comfortable clothes and shoes made of natural materials.
  2. Adjust your diet - all smoked meats, excessive fatty and sweet foods, concentrated drinks, alcohol cause blood clots, which means now it is taboo for you.
  3. Normalize your weight, stay away from excess.
  4. Give up your cravings for alcohol and cigarettes!
  5. Spend 15-20 minutes a day to complete a sports training complex. These include: side kicks, lifting limbs lying on the floor, "biking", gliding on foot, then on heels and vice versa, jogging on a flat road, a set of specially selected yoga asanas, and leisurely walks are also great.
gymnastics for the prevention of varicose veins

Compression garments

Another method made to combat varicose veins on the legs involves wearing compression socks. These products come in three main forms: knee-high, tights and stockings. The compression (traction) class of the underwear can vary:

  • I (prophylaxis), recommended if there are early symptoms of varicose veins, for example, capillary mesh.
  • II, used primarily for the rehabilitation of venous patients after surgery.
  • III, doctors recommend such underwear to patients who have been diagnosed with serious manifestations of varicose veins such as thrombophlebitis, strong edema, persistent, trophic ulcers.
  • IV, used by patients whose limbs are affected by pathological edema, venous pathology of a congenital nature.

Medicine

An important place among the methods of conservative therapy for calf veins is occupied by medical methods to treat varicose veins, which involve the use of two external agents: ointments, creams and gels, and tablets.

As a rule, vascular doctors prescribe to patients various types of drugs, as a result of which the symptoms of varicose veins are eliminated: swelling, pain, burning and cramping, blood thickening, blood clots, intravenous inflammation.

All drugs can be conditionally divided into several categories according to the principle of therapeutic effect:

  • Venotonic medicine, its action is aimed at strengthening the walls of diseased blood vessels, giving them a healthy tone, preventing further stretching and deformation.
  • A blood -thinning agent that normalizes blood viscosity, activating its movement in blood vessels and arteries. The drug also interferes with blood clotting and helps smooth out existing blood clots.
  • Anti-inflammatory drug that relieves inflammation of the inner walls of blood vessels, as well as prevents its appearance.
medicine for varicose veins

There are also drugs for complex effects between drugs, for example, drugs produced in the form of gels and ointments.

It not only normalizes blood viscosity, dilutes it, relieves pain, swelling, night cramps, but also reduces the risk of inflammatory processes.

Method of Operation

If conservative treatment methods prove not effective and efficient enough, the recommendation of doctors - phlebologists will recommend surgical intervention with varying degrees of complexity.

A minimally invasive type of venous surgery that does not involve serious surgery, general anesthesia and a long recovery period. Steps to combat deformed veins include:

Sclerotherapy

With the help of a needle, the composition is injected into the diseased vessel, its action leading to the attachment of the vein. The total time of the procedure should not be more than 10 minutes.

Varicose veins of this type are becoming increasingly popular.

Laser and radio frequency neglect

As the laser or frequency enters the probe into the vessel, it is soldered and overgrown with connective tissue.

This method is only effective if the varicose vein is affected by a superficial vein with a diameter of not more than 5 millimeters, located directly under the skin, and the disease itself has not passed a severe stage, accompanied by significant damage to the vein area.

The recovery period after this type of surgical intervention is not required, patients are recommended only to improve lifestyle, exercise therapy, take medication and wear compression gowns.

If the deep calf canal, located in the thickness of the muscle, is affected by varicose veins, the patient is overweight, or the diameter of the painful vein is more than 5 millimeters, and also with a combination of these factors, there are indications to interveneclassic surgical hand: phlebectomy or microflebectomy.

The type of surgical intervention recommended depends, first of all, on the stage of development and severity of the venous duct lesion.

Microflectectomy

This type of intervention involves the removal of a micro area from the diseased vein, when the vein is removed through an incision in the soft tissue using a special needle with a round tip, and the affected vein area is cut.

Recovery after such an operation with the use of local anesthesia lasts about 5-7 days, after which the patient can return to normal life, provided that clothes in compression are worn.

Classical phlebectomy

This operation involves the removal of a diseased vessel completely (or in part), is performed under general anesthesia, and requires a long recovery period due to its relatively high severity and trauma.

classic phlebectomy for varicose veins

This type of treatment is recommended at the stage of severe varicose veins, when all means to overcome it do not bring the desired result, and the dangerous symptoms of the disease are still present and pose a serious threat to the patient's health and life.

Conclusion

The conclusion from this article is the following conclusion: varicose veins are a dangerous, painful and difficult disease that strikes people regardless of gender, age and income.

Combating the symptoms of varicose veins, as a rule, takes a long time, it hurts a lot and does not always let you get rid of the disease completely, without the risk of relapse.

Therefore, any modern person should carefully monitor his health condition, not to ignore the symptoms of varicose veins, so as not to face problems later on: how to deal with it?

As you know, disease prevention is the best treatment. Follow a healthy lifestyle, adjust your diet, take time for physical activity. Fight addiction.

Be careful, don't treat yourself! Good health and great health!

14.03.2021