Varicose veins in women are diagnosed more often than in men. This is one of the most common vascular pathologies, which, in the absence of adequate therapy, leads to serious complications, such as: thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, eczema, trophic changes, venous bleeding. The causes of the disease vary, therefore, before starting therapy, the doctor must find out under the influence of what factors begin to develop varicose veins. In women, with a background of varicose veins in the lower legs, varicose veins of the small pelvis often develop, which, in the absence of therapy, cause sexual dysfunction, menstruation, and infertility. Therefore, if there are suspicious symptoms that indicate a problem with blood vessels, it is necessary to register for consultation with a phlebologist, undergo a comprehensive diagnosis and immediately begin treatment.
Where do Varicose Veins Begin?
Varicose veins on the legs in women are characterized by varicose veins, valve failure, and circulatory disorders. The mechanism of development of such pathology is simple: venous blood from the lower part of the leg moves towards the heart muscle under the influence of internal pressure. If there are no problems with the cardiovascular system, this mechanism works smoothly. But if there is a deviation, the body is forced to stimulate the circulatory process, increasing the pressure in the blood vessels. Due to this effect, blood will continue to circulate from the bottom up, but the lack of valves will gradually begin to develop. Due to chronic high pressure, the vascular wall becomes thinner, stretches, loses strength and elasticity, which leads to the development of varicose veins.
Common causes of varicose veins are:
- Descendants. Hereditary varicose veins can appear at a young age. Such people have congenital valve dystrophy, the vessel walls are brittle and inelastic.
- Hormone Disorders. Hormonal disorders have a negative effect on the tone of the veins, weakening them, which in turn leads to the expansion of varicose veins.
- Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the amount of blood in a woman's body increases, so that the load on the cardiovascular system increases significantly. In addition, the uterus and growing fetus squeeze the blood vessels located in the small pelvis, causing stagnation and expansion of varicose veins.
- Joint disease. Pathology often develops against the background of articular pathology such as: rheumatoid arthritis, arthrosis, osteoporosis.
- Improper nutrition. Varicose veins often develop in people who abuse fatty, carbohydrate, high -calorie foods.
- Bad habits. Along with alcohol and tobacco smoke, toxic substances penetrate into the body, which negatively affects the condition of blood vessels, leading to loss of fragility elasticity.
- Excessive weight. With obesity, the load on the lower part of the legs increases significantly, which sooner or later leads to varicose veins.
- Some diseases. The disease often develops against the background of cirrhosis of the liver, chronic kidney, hepatic, heart failure, tumor processes that squeeze nearby veins.
- Wear tight clothing and high -heeled shoes. Tight pants squeeze the legs, contributing to the development of congestion and the formation of varicose veins. And by regularly wearing high-heeled shoes, a woman exposes the veins in the lower part of the foot with a large load, sooner or later they will no longer be able to cope.
How the disease manifests
In the early stages of varicose veins on the lower part of the legs in women, it may not make itself felt. However, as it develops, a prominent vascular pattern appears under the skin of the foot, a volumetric knot that sometimes protrudes above the skin. Signs of other vascular disease:
- Increased leg fatigue. Habitual stress causes rapid fatigue. Discomfort is especially felt at the end of the working day.
- Pain in the leg. The syndrome can spread throughout the limb or be localized in specific places. The pain can worsen at night, interfere with sleep and require pain relievers.
- Difficulty in the legs. Start bothering in the morning. The unpleasant feeling is enhanced by wearing uncomfortable shoes, models with high heels.
When varicose veins develop, the following symptoms are added:
- burning, itching of the skin;
- cramps, muscle spasms;
- pathological changes in the skin: dryness, pigmentation, darkening of the local area, dermatitis, eczema.
The stage of the disease
- First.It is characterized by the formation of spider veins in the thighs and legs. The symptoms are mild, there are complaints of persistent heaviness in the legs, swelling, rapid fatigue.
- Second.Veins in different parts of the leg develop, the pathological process covers not only the superficial surface, but also the inner ducts. Persistent swelling, leg pain, disturbing cramps. The dilated vessels protrude above the surface of the skin.
- Third.Characteristic signs of venous stasis are shown: pain in the legs, swelling, fatigue, cramps, burning and itching, changes in the skin, such as dryness, dermatitis, eczema.
- Fourth.The nutrition of the tissue adjacent to the affected vein is disrupted, resulting in the formation of trophic ulcers.
- Fifth.The above symptoms worsen. Severe venous insufficiency develops, accompanied by a lack of nutrients in all tissues. The risk of thrombophlebitis and traumatic bleeding is increased.
Signs of other types of varicose veins in women
Varicose veins can affect not only the lower legs. Other parts of the body are sometimes involved in pathological processes:
- Upper limbs.The symptoms of varicose veins of the hands are almost the same as the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs. Signs of varicose veins in the upper legs: pain, swelling, cramps at night, numbness in the fingers, a network of prominent veins that rise above the surface of the skin.
- Small pelvis.The symptoms of varicose veins in the small pelvis are similar to common gynecological diseases, so the early diagnosis of vascular disorders is difficult. Signs of non-specific small pelvic varicose veins: pain in the lower abdomen, radiating to the sacrum and lower back, problems with urination, intestinal dysfunction, menstrual irregularities, infertility.
- External genitalia.With varicose veins affecting the external genital organs, venous tissue, jugular veins on the labia minora and majora, groin, and inner thigh can be clearly seen. Disturbed by severe pain syndrome, discomfort during sexual intercourse, burning, itching.
- Hemorrhoidal veins.Enlargement of the hemorrhoidal ducts causes hemorrhoids. Typical pathological symptoms: pain in the anus, bleeding, conical prolapse of the rectum.
How to treat varicose veins in women
A phlebologist will tell you how to treat varicose veins in women. The treatment regimen is determined taking into account the nature of the course, the degree of neglect, the presence of complications. In the early stages, non -surgical treatment is possible, which involves the use of the following groups of drugs:
- Venotonic. They fight valve device failure, contributing to blood vessel healing.
- Anticoagulant. Thins the blood, helps normalize blood flow.
- Antiplatelet agents. Restores blood rheological parameters, improves tissue trophism.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory. They stop inflammation, relieve swelling, and relieve pain.
Surgical treatment of varicose veins involves the use of the following modern techniques:
- laser freezing;
Surgical treatment of pelvic varicose veins in women involves the use of techniques such as:
- ovarian vein embolization.
Basic rules for the prevention of pathology:
- adhere to the rules of a healthy lifestyle;
- if work is not moving, resume moderate physical activity;
- wear comfortable shoes and clothing that will not squeeze and damage the lower limbs;
- normalize weight;
- eat right;
- wear compression garments, selected in conjunction with the attending physician.