Signs of varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins in the lower part of the legs are a dangerous disease that in the early stages go unnoticed by men and women. Many symptoms can be associated with mild leg fatigue. It is very important to identify the signs that indicate the disease in a timely manner and see a doctor for treatment.

Why do varicose veins in the legs occur?

Varicose veins are a disease characterized by loss of elasticity of the veins, their dilation and stretching. Inside the vessel, blood flow meets a barrier in the form of a valve that supplies blood metered. When there is a disturbance in the mechanism, the red fluid flows without interruption: as a result, its stagnation occurs in the legs. Improper valve function leads to the fact that the veins, which are filled with blood, stretch.

Varicose veins on the lower legs can be caused by the following reasons:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • wearing uncomfortable shoes;
  • diseases of the nervous system;
  • hormonal disorders, pregnancy;
  • overweight, obesity (the presence of extra pounds provokes decreased mobility and decreased blood circulation);
  • excessive alcohol intake (excessive alcohol concentration thickens the blood, the result is stagnation);
  • pelvic organ disease;
  • smoking;
  • wearing tight underwear (squeezing and pinching blood vessels);
  • persistent high air temperature (can cause thrombosis, because the body is dehydrated, blood thickens);
  • lower limb injuries;
  • frequent constipation (due to tension in the peritoneal area, pressure on the superficial veins increases);
  • heart and blood vessel disease (diseased organs are unable to pump the required amount of red fluid);
  • taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • flat feet (lack of amortization also adds to the calf muscles, which leads to the formation of venous valve insufficiency);
  • stay on your feet for a long time.
pictures of varicose veins on the legs

How do primary varicose veins appear on the legs?

Signs of primary varicose veins on the legs can be expressed only with cosmetic disorders. In this case, the main signal is a prominent blue channel, swelling of the veins. Patients notice edema in themselves, which increases with energy. Pain in the legs with varicose veins refers to the symptoms of the main form of the disease: after work or long walks, there is a feeling of heaviness in the lower part of the legs. All these symptoms are caused by accumulated blood stasis, weakness of the vascular wall.

Primary varicose veins are a separate disease. Its formation can be promoted by heredity, excessive load on the legs. An inactive lifestyle and wearing too tight clothing have a major influence on the occurrence of blood stasis. During pregnancy, pathology can develop through an increase in the size of the uterus, affecting the condition of the veins and difficulty in childbirth.

What are the characteristics of secondary varicose veins on the lower leg?

The secondary form of the disease is the result of a previous illness or injury to the foot. Such varicose veins are characterized by a decrease in the venous valve, which is located at the border of the subcutaneous and internal canals. From the deep veins, blood enters the subcutaneous veins, as a result of which a larger effect is formed on the second vein, they stretch. Signs of diseases of the secondary venous system:

  • heaviness in the lower limbs;
  • appearance of pain;
  • seizures;
  • swelling in the ankle area;
  • feeling full.
weight on the legs with varicose veins

How do varicose veins appear at different stages

If the disease is not treated, it will start to continue. Each stage of the disease manifests itself with increasing symptoms. In the first stage, the protruding vessels may not be visible at all, and in the fourth stage they soar strongly, forming knots, boils may occur. Need to know the signs of a certain level to start treatment on time.

In the early stages

First sign:

  • a constant feeling of heaviness in the legs;
  • appearance of edema;
  • pain in aching leg;
  • shin girth increased 10 cm or more;
  • spider vein formation;
  • there is rapid leg fatigue.

In the early stages, you may not find any signs of vein damage. This period can last for months, sometimes lasting for years. First -degree symptoms increase the intensity of their manifestation with an increase in load on the lower part of the foot and decrease during rest. If you do not pay attention to these signs, the condition can get worse.

The second stage

During this period, which can last for many years, the symptoms of early manifestations increase. This stage involves the onset of nocturnal cramps, accompanied by severe pain. Over time, such sensations become impossible to tolerate. The veins stand out more strongly. They appear wide, swollen, and may form knots. The swelling becomes permanent and disappears only in the morning after sleep. A characteristic feature of second -degree varicose veins is a change in the color of the skin of the feet, dark brown to brown with a purple tint.

When the symptoms become more obvious, patients who know what varicose veins on the legs are like turn to a vascular surgeon during this period. Therapeutic treatment associated with this stage may not yield results, therefore doctors recommend surgery. Preventive measures are needed to stop the transformation of the disease to another stage.

varicose veins in the legs

In the third stage

The third stage of development has its own symptoms of leg varicose veins. During this period, circulatory violations persist. The spots that appear on the lower end turn brown. This is due to the fact that erythrocytes begin their movement into the intercellular fluid. The blue veins in the legs at the bottom of the legs and thighs become noticeable. The hallmark of the third stage is that dermatitis begins to develop, which brings an itchy sensation and a small rash on the upper part of the skin of the feet.

Fourth rank

The final period of the disease is characterized by more horrible and noticeable indications of the development of varicose veins in the legs. In the fourth stage, complications form. These include diseases such as thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency. There is a rupture of the jugular vein that arose earlier, bleeding. Trophic ulcers form on the skin of the lower legs and thighs. By the fourth stage, it is very difficult to get rid of the signs of varicose veins on the legs. The purpose of treatment is to reduce the chances of complications or prevent their development.